= 1,000 Syrians
The majority of those fleeing Syria are being sheltered in neighboring countries such as Turkey and Lebanon. From there, many are embarking on dangerous journeys across the Mediterranean to reach Europe. According to the International Organization for Migration, Greece and Italy are the landing points for 99% of them, but most don't stay.
Number of Syrian migrants who arrived in Italy and Greece in 2015:
(As of Aug. 31, 2015)
The number of Syrians arriving in Europe has exploded in the past year. By the end of July, there were more than 4 million Syrian refugees and asylum seekers in the Middle East, Europe and beyond.
Press play to see migration in the Middle East and Europe.
Here's how the number of refugees and asylum seekers has grown since the end of 2011:
0 registered refugees
7494 asylum seekers
497,965 registered refugees
39,387 asylum seekers
2,284,529 registered refugees
103,205 asylum seekers
3,693,946 registered refugees
249,100 asylum seekers
4,015,257 registered refugees
376,355 asylum seekers
Wealthier European countries such as Sweden, Germany and Austria, which have been some of the most welcoming, are the favored destination of most of the refugees. Germany has said it will accept as many as 800,000 refugees this year, many of whom are expected to be Syrians. Britain and France recently pledged to increase the number of refugees they will accept to a combined total of 44,000.
Cumulative asylum applications between April 2011 and August 2015:
Through Aug. 2015:
Serbia and Kosovo
Note: A growing number of Syrians registered as refugees in the Middle East and North Africa are now seeking asylum elsewhere. So there is likely to be duplication in the refugee and asylum figures presented here.
Additional reporting by Times staff writers Alexandra Zavis and Patrick J. McDonnell
Sources: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, International Organization for Migration, State Department, World Bank